Open Courseware and the Emerging Global Meta University
Charles M. Vest
Persident Emeritus, MIT
Seminars on Academic Computing
Claire Maple Address
(Notes via collaborative SubEthaEdit session with Cyprien Lomas- I had never done this- it is very effective but tiring!)
Vijay Kumar introduces speaker…
Charles Vest – 15th president at MIT
Bio : http://www.cambridge-mit.org/cgi-bin/default.pl?SID=6&SSSID=192&PEOPLEVID=200
* undergrad education
* international research programs
* promote cultural diversity
* developing relations with industry
* book: Pursuing the Endless Frontier
* pursuing open access
* keep knowledge open, unfettered & accessible
Role of Retired University Presidents
Time of Londond Higher Ed Supplement: Why do US universities dominate top rankings?
Attribues of US Higher Ed
1. diversity of institutions (small, large, public, private, research, teaching)
2. freedom for new faculty (pursue whatever they want in scholarship & teaching)
3. interwoven teaching & research
4. open to students, faculty & scholars from other countries
5. implicit national science and tech policy
6. philanthropy and tax laws
7. competition for Faculty & students keeps us sharp
Key Phrases: Divesity, interwoven, open (key attributes)
1) how will ed tech playout?
2) what is nature of gloablization
3) will the internet fundamentally reshape higher ed (it already has)
4) are residential universities dinosaurs or cont wave of future?
My Ed Tech Nightmare
Students all over the world sitting in front of a box viewing the same lecture
Alternative: MIT OpenCourseWare
* make basic teaching materials available for 2000 MIT subjects available on the web to teachers and learners free of charge
* Publication — Not teaching per se (not so much Distance learning)
* an adventure!
How it came about- Provost posed questions- Is there a Big Thing?, a new role for MIT as leader. Conclusion- Dist Learnig would be difficult and non-proftable. (overlap is OK – can edit later)
competitive, unlikely to make money from it.
…. so someone said ‘If we cant make money, lets give it away!”
how it has been funded
Mellon. Hewitt $$
How I construe OCW potential:
-what happened in the 60s: engineering education changed; new textbooks, porting materials across the country. Materials shared across institutions. Removing randomness of materials based on the quirks of the professor.
– what has changed
– a beautiful use of the net and the web
Why OCW does not constitute an MIT education:
“A university education is not a box of books” — Larry Bacow (energized MIT faculty- a statement of value of teaching, research, university experience)
Reiterate that OCW is an adventure -risk
Where is it going? some examples:
Students at peer institutions augmenting learning
unemployed Silcion Valley programmers mastering advanced languages
University of Ghana benchmarking and revising courses
an underground univ educating religious minority in middle east (1000 students who are not allowed to attend higher ed institutions)
a prof in Baghdad basing research on data from an MIT subject
used in entirety, in part, at any pace, added to, deleted from, modified.
‘a Starter set’
Not about dictating how learning occurs
What is the business plan? Not sure…
70% of MIT students make heavy use of OCW
– to review subjects taken in past
– to reinforce subjects currently taking
– to explore other areas of study
Map of traffic my geographic region
North america 182.6M web hits
22.9 South America
69 (?) asia
Outside US one month (Feb 2005)-
high satisfaction rates: Visitor Impact Statements
helped me learn
would recommend to friends
self learners 48.2 (!)
66% hold Bs or MS
1.6 visits per month, 10 HTML pages per visit
Spawning other initiatives : Emerging ‘opencoursewares’ both in US and abroad
Utah State University
John Hopkins School of Public Health
Rai University, India
Universia.net in Span, Portugal, Latin America
translate content into Spanish
China Open Resources for Education (CORE) http://www.core.org.cn/en/
100 university members
10-20 million users
What does the future hold?
1) replicated -yes
3) replaced by other developments – probably
2) grow linux like into a single entity? maybe.. (hopefully?)
30 ongoing OCW projects
30 More in planning statges in South Africa, Russia
other open resources:
other open content initiatives
open academic software Sakai
Google Library INitiative
Goal: scan archives & make available
Jstor: scholarly journals
fee based, serves 2300 instutions, 400 + journals
ArtStor: high qual images of art works 5000 images by next year
Ithaka: 3 prongs incubate / shared services/ experiential networking (learn from one another)
Aluka- scholarly resources developing countries (Africa) (http://www.ithaka.org/aluka/)
E-Archive- preserve published journals
NITLE facutly development in small colleges/ community colleges
open acad softwaare:
sakai, oki, OLI, connexions, Lionshare, Alexandra, UC berk (digital chem) VUE,
league for innovation in coomm college
million book project (CMU/OCLC)
OCW: goals are diff from archiving but clearly related
ramifications of portable memory…(!)
few data points…
iPod memory/$ is doubling every year, Moore’s law like
– 2004 20 Gb for $400
– 2025 40 Petabytes for $400 ???
iLabs An Evolving Resource
Online Lab : eal experimental equip accessed over the net (this is almost all lab equipment, and a good fresh idea for education). Run expts from a laptop (rather than simulations)
Leader: prof:. jesus del alamo, MIT
open iLab architecture
some coupling to OCW
e.g.characteristics of electronic components, heat exchangers
U Parma (Italy), Makereer (Uganda), +….
Formal use: very large number of non MIT academic use (others are: MIT uGrad, MIT grad, non MIT (industrial), non MIT (academic)
Why Openness is especially impoartant today?
effect of 9/11 snapshot of US visas going to foreigners (high skill visitors)
(computer crashes at this momen BSOD: “Is my time up?”) Quips: I once heard about somebody who had a heart attack while speaking to 700 doctors). Waiting for windows to start up… Tech staff needs the password! Here comes the Mac.
Openness in Higher Ed
– true spirit of educatrion
-sharing expensive materials
– public diplomacy
Why US needs Public Diplomacy today:
Pew Research asked:
“Suppose a young person wanted to leave this country to leave a good life– wher would you go?”
Openness we take for granted in American Universities:
flow of knowledge and flow of scholars
Open flow of Scholars
– openness to talented people
-impacts success, prosperitiy and even national security
Open Flow of Scientific Info
– science thrives thru unfettered communication
– science has criticism, testing, questioning
Now is the time: (not a new idea)
Internet & Web introduce unprecedented : scope, reach, speed
Where The Students Are? First University S&E Degrees (graph from NSF)
(asia dominates, then Europe, then North America)
country by country:
China remarkable growth “never anything like this” for bachelor degrees
Similar trends in PhD degrees
Book Titles with Messages
World is Flat ->: Globalization, does not matter where you are
Open Innovation -> new style of global partnering, go to best sources and integrate them
Globalizing Higher Ed
All above but
– think about scale, diversity of context, distribution of resources.
the Meta University
Transcendant, accessible, empowering, dynamic, communally constructed framework of open materials
– will enable, not replace residential campuses
– cost savings
-adpatable, not prescriptive
speed propagation of high qual ed & scholarship
build bridges across cultures
imporant to developing world
serve teachers and learners
anne Marguilies, bob Brown,
Bill Bowen, Ira Fuchs Kevin Guthr, (Mellon)
Paul Brest Mike Smith (Hewlett)
http://hewlett.jot.com/WikiHome (hewlett initiatives)
(1) How did he get faculty buy-in and get passed copyright/ IP?
“Like any other university, faculty only does what faculty likes to do!” Sell and engage faculty in the idea. Came from faculty committee (bottom up). (thanks to bob brown : provost at the time)
-formed teams, visited every department at MIT to get open discussion and viewpoints.
Notable: difference in cultures in schools. Engineering got it immediately, sloan school was in, humanities most enthusiastic, science took convincing.
Counter arguments: This was surprisingly uncommon:”we dont want you to have our IP”. #1 concern was .. can we d something we will be proud of #2. Not at the expense of our current innovation in teachign programs #3 cant be an add on – needs real resources.
IP: biggest expense is third party content (publishers, textbooks) Much detailed Staff work to catch copywritten material. Much of science and engiineering are representations of physical phenomena (recreate the graph, figure, etc). Message to publishers- why not product placement like Coke in movies? Some publishers get it others not.
(2) What is the role of the library if all this info goes up on line?
wont replace the library (work with library in D-space).
The post "OpenCourseWare and the Emerging Global Meta University (SAC2005)" was originally emerged from the primordial ooze and first walked on land at CogDogBlog (http://cogdogblog.com/2005/08/opencourseware-sac2005/) on August 8, 2005.